by Dr. Clifton L. Holland

(last revised on June 9, 2003)

Historical Overview:

Settled by British colonists:                                                                                            1609

Becomes a British dependency:                                                                                      1684

Slavery Abolished:                                                                                                          1838

Becomes self-governing under British rule:                                                                       1968


Indicates European society*

Significant Protestant Beginnings or other Special Events:

     1609       -    *Settlement established by shipwrecked Anglicans from England; St. George’s Anglican Church, constructed in 1612, by Governor Richard Moore is the oldest Anglican Church in continuous use in the Western Hemisphere; the Church of England becomes the Established Church; now an extra provincial diocese directly under the Archbishop of Canterbury.


     1612       -    *Presbyterian settlers from the Church of Scotland arrived; Christ Church in Warwick becomes the oldest Presbyterian Church in the British Colonies.


     1800s     -    *Missionaries of the Wesleyan Methodist Church of Great Britain arrive; later joined by missionaries from the African Methodist Episcopal Church in the USA during the 20th century.


     1800s     -    Roman Catholic missionaries arrive from Canada; becomes an outpost of the Diocese of Halifax, Nova Scotia; in 1953 it was made a prefecture and three years later a vicariate; in 1957, the Diocese of Hamilton was created as a suffragan, subordinate to the Diocese of Kingston, Jamaica.


     1905       -    Church of God (Anderson, IN)


     1966       -    Southern Baptist Convention



Date of Origin Unknown:


                        Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada


                        Presbyterian Church of Canada


                        United Church of Canada




(1)       Dates listed indicate the earliest recorded ministry or in case of discrepancies, the date most frequently indicated.


(2)       North American Agencies include U.S. and Canadian.


(1) PROLADES (Latin American Socio-religious Studies Program), international headquarters in San José, Costa Rica: www.prolades.com, prolades@racsa.co.cr

(2) J. Gordon Melton and Martin Baumann, editors, Religions of the World (ABC-Clio Publishers, 2002)